Image 01
Internet-based communication systems have been very popular in providing day-to-day services in our life, but history has shown that disasters like Ayla in India, Katrina in USA, and the earthquake and tsunami in Japan can severely impair all forms of communication, thus jeopardizing people’s lives. This proposal aims at systematizing such chaotic situation through a series of technical innovations in the area of wireless networking and its application.

The primary objective of this project is to develop

  • A wireless communication infrastructure using the disruption-prone network with the help of smartphone and allied rapidly deployable device based peer-to-peer Delay Tolerant Network (DTN),
  • A robust framework that will lead to a global need assessment from the piecewise localized views ofthe rescue teams and victims, and
  • A coordination system to guide the resource distribution process to provide core disaster management services to the victims.

Experience gained from this project will enhance the preparedness of relief agencies and improve the use of smart devices for the better coordination of relief efforts. Results from this research will

  • Foster interdisciplinary collaboration between engineers, scientists, and disaster relief organizations,
  • Pave the way towards developing international standards for socio-technical operational protocols for the effective handling of large-scale disasters.
The impact of this project stems from innovative integration of network and distributed systems algorithms and protocols with domain specific disaster management services. The major innovation of the proposal lies in the development of Distributed Snapshot Integration (DSI) mechanisms for global state computation, and the development of distributed methods for post-disaster service management in presence of unreliable (wireless) network links. Also, the development of DTN routing, caching, and replication protocols for communication within various social groups are challenging tasks. In addition to simulation study, a field evaluation of the proposed framework will be performed on a pilot scale.The scientific work so proposed would be immediately translated into curriculum for the students including a seminar series for post graduates where students will be asked to talk about recent developments in technology which can be used in disaster management.

The multifaceted research output will also lead to award of MS and PhDs to the researcher fellows working in this project.One of the objectives of this project is societal sensitization of academic communities including students, teachers and project workers on various issues related to disaster risk reduction, management and post disaster rehabilitation and resettlement. This should help them to internalize and personalize the issues and contribute to sustainable changes in the lives of the distressed people affected by various kinds of disasters. Our strategy for intervention will be a two-way process to ensure that we will be in constant touch with realities through various outreach programs to become responsive to emerging issues pertinent to the social context. Also, it has been decided to bring ideas to implementation through a structured mentored program which will help entrepreneurs see these ideas taking shape into a successful business entity.

The lead mentor ITRA Institution is IIT Kharagpur and the co-lead mentor ITRA Institution is IIM Calcutta, thus blending technology and management practices together under one umbrella. Other participating mentee Institutes are reputed engineering institutes, capable of handling large technical projects. Also, support from our international advisors, who are great scholars of international repute,will help us to manage large research project like this. The nature of this project involves socio-techno management expertise and we have selected our collaborators from internationally reputed NGOs.